This photo was taken in Cades Cove of Smoky Mountains NP. The church was built by the congregation of the Primitive Baptist Church in 1827.

A building’s foundation is the most critical element of its structural integrity, and ultimately its longevity. To prevent heaving of the soil during a hard freeze, the foundation must go below the frost line. Either the soil temperature never falls below freezing in this part of the country, or the builders started these stacked columns of stone below the frost line; e.g. 42″ below grade in Nebraska.

Even so, getting the tops of those rough stones all at the same level is a pretty good trick. The church might be a bit twisted now, but after almost 200 years, it’s still standing.

Thought for the Day: If you don’t have time to do it right, when will you have time to do it over?
John Wooden

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